Here is the Wikipedia article so you don't have to go there: Botswana, officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves as "Batswana" (singular: Motswana), but many English-language sources use "Botswanan" instead. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. It has held free and fair democratic elections since independence.
Botswana is flat, and up to 70% is covered by the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula, Zambia is poorly defined but at most is a few hundred meters long.
A mid-sized country of just over two million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa when it gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1966, with a GDP per capita of about US$70. Botswana has since transformed itself, becoming one of the fastest-growing economies in the world to a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $14,000, and a high gross national income, possibly the fourth-largest in Africa, giving the country a modest standard of living. The country also has a strong tradition as a representative democracy.
The important figures to have in mind:
- Politically safe. According to The Global Peace Index, Botswana is the 33rd most peaceful country in the world out of 149. It is also one of the least corrupted, according to Transparency International, Botswana is the 30th less corrupted country in the world out of 198.
- Eco-friendly at nation level, 20% of the land is under wildlife management areas, or game reserves, or national parks status.
- A lot of International Universities or Institutes are working in Botswana since many years:
- Rift basin geochemistry in collaboration with the University of Rennes
- Aquatic biodiversity (Darwin project) in collaboration with the University College London
- Carbon uptake by roots in the Kalahari in collaboration with the University of Virginia & UCLA
- Water and CO2 fluxes in collaboration with the University of Florida
- Fisheries assessments in collaboration with the University of Bergen
- No severe tourism, the country follows a low impact high revenue tourism model.
- Animals are under no specific danger
- A must read " Harvard Business School: Botswana, a Diamond in the Rough"
- A second must read "Transnational Law-Iowa University: Is Botswana the Miracle of Africa?"