By chance we are situated just in the middle of the future Kavango-Zambezi Trans Frontier Conservation Area where all three ingredients of the sustainable development equation are at hand. Meaning: nature preservation, social integration and economic development for the 400 people living each in one of the two proximate villages of Satau and Parakarungu . This makes it a valuable research study area related to these specific research topics.

With respect to the further development of calcrete-silcrete research in northern Botswana, a way forward might be to take a closer look at the calcretes in the Serondella area - which is infact in the Chobe National Park. These have been considered by Paul Shaw, they are mentioned in Thomas and Shaw's book, the Kalahari Environment (CUP, 1991). This area infact the nearby falls are considered to be key in controlling the level of water in some of palaeo-lakes in the area. We could consider a board range of issues looking at palaeo-environmental change (as expressed in calcrete/silcrete sequences and/or we could look closely at the origins of the calcrete/silcretes, it seem reasonably certain there could be biogeochemical aspects to consider.

The zebra migration to the Chobe Enclave is something that we need to study further. More detail is needed on their dry season habitat use and needs and how they are potentially being negatively affected by crop fields in important grazing areas. We need to try to understand why the population has not recovered back towards the 20-30 000 level that it was at in the 1970's. We also need to confirm where they are moving during the wet season (I suspect Savuti but we cant be sure until we get some collars on them).

Relationships between termites activities, carbon cycle and superficial geological formations in the Chobe Enclave.



Hydrological cycle in tropical Africa, both in the past (via geochemical analyses of sediments in East African lakes) and in the present (via analysis of modern rainfall). Analysis of stable oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in rainwaters, lake/river waters, leaf waters, and water vapor. Understanding these moisture sources and trajectories is important for water management, conservation, and climate change adaptation strategies. Colorado University

Human/wildlife Interactions in Agro-Ecosystems in northern Botswana : Human Wildlife Conflict, wildlife conservation, biology conservation, and wildlife poaching management.

Examining physiology (particularly metabolism and daily energy expenditure) in various human and ape populations. Measuring energy expenditure, diet, and  health outcomes. Harvard University

Addressing sources and impacts of wind driven dust trough southern semi-arid Africa : case studies in Botswana and coastal Namibia.

Towards the role of calcareous duricrusts in formulating paleo-environmental change in northern Botswana.

Large mammalian browser of an african savannah patterns of resources use and partitioning.

Complexe interaction between life, sediments and soil in a continental context ( Botswana). University of Lausanne.

Vegetation mapping of the Chobe forest region. University of Lausanne and Botswana

Micro-biology, soil transects, ground and surface water chemistry. Soils formation.University of Neuchâtel

A Professor from the University of Lausanne is studying the social behavior of termites and their work as transforming agent of the landscape, one of his colleague is doing research on population genetics. Two professors from the university of Bern are studying the small mammal fauna of the Chobe Enclave and its associated ectoparasites.